Bohemia and Moravia Reserve ( German : Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren, Czech : Protektorát Čechy a Morava) was a German autonomous Czech sanctuary established by Nazi Germany in 1939, and Hitler had announced in Prague Castle the establishment of the Bohemia and Moravian Sanctuary on March 15, 1939 One day after the announcement of the establishment of the Slovak Republic, the Bohemia and Moravia protectorate continued until the fall of Germany in 1945 and the entry of Soviet forces into Berlin, after which the Czechoslovak Republic, which included both the Bohemia and Moravia and the Slovak Republic, was establishedAfter the First World War and the fall of the Empire of Austria, Hungary , the first Czechoslovak Republic was formed, but it entered into a political struggle with Germany at the end of the third decade of the twentieth century, as Germany demanded the German-dominated Sudet region, which was later annexed by Germany according to the Munich Treaty of September 30, 1938 , Five months later, the Slovak Legislative Council declared the independence of the Slovak state, which prompted Hitler to occupy the Czech capital Prague and on March 15 announce the creation of the Bohemia and Moravian Reserve as a German protectorate.