Hong Kong : is one of the two special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China (together with the Macau region).Located on the South China coast, Hong Kong is located between the South China Sea and the Pearl River Delta , is characterized by its many cloud designs and extensive harboring. Hong Kong has a population of about 7 million and an area of 1,104 km2, which includes one of the largest densities in the world. Among the city's population, 93.6% are Chinese and the rest are ethnic. The majority of the population is Han, whose origin is in the cities of Gogangzu and Taishan in neighboring Guangdong Province
The modern Hong Kong region has been inhabited since prehistoric times, however, until the end of the Middle Ages it was just a small fishing village that did not matter much. The city was conquered by the British Empire in the wake of the first Opium War (1839-1842), extending its borders from Hong Kong Island (where the original name originally came from) to include a wider province, including the Kowloon and then the New Territories . In the middle of the 20th century, the city came under Japanese occupation during the Pacific War , but Britain recovered it after the war and remained a British colony until 1997, when it was finally returned to China. On the other hand, during the colonial era, the city enjoyed high freedom. Government intervention in the economy and the state was limited. This period greatly influenced the formation of the modern culture of Hong Kong, which became known as the East meets the Wes
Hong Kong still enjoys a high independence and a different political system on the Chinese mainland , in accordance with the principle of " one country, two different systems " which enshrines the city's self-rule . city has a judicial independence that follows its structure of public law . It also has an independent central law. Its constitution, which follows the transfer of its ownership from Britain to China, states that it will have "a degree of independence" in all aspects of the state, International diplomacy and military architecture . The city has a multiparty political system and its prime minister elects an electoral commission of 400 to 1,200 members, which will remain in place for the first 20 years of Chinese rule.
Hong Kong is one of the world's leading economic centers with a booming capital economy based on low taxes and free trade. The city's currency - the Hong Kong dollar - is the eighth most traded currency in the world.Due to the small size of the city and the large population, there was a need for an infrastructure that would allow for greater population density. The city turned it into a center of modern architecture and made it the world's tallest city. More than 90% of its population is on public transport, the highest rate globally. Hong Kong also has advanced international standards in many other areas, such as economic freedom , quality of life , anti-corruption , human development, etc. According to estimates by the United Nations and the World Food and Agriculture Organization , human life expectancy in Hong Kong is higher than in any other region on Earth