The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Currently led by Frenchwoman Audrey Azoulay after winning the 2017 elections, where she got 30 votes in advance, the Qatari candidate Hamad bin Abdul Aziz al-Kuwari by two votes. The main objective of the Organization is to contribute to peace and security by raising the level of cooperation among the countries of the world in the fields of education, culture and culture to bring universal respect for justice, the rule of law, human rights and basic principles of freedom. UNESCO is followed by 195 countries. Headquartered in Paris. UNESCO also has more than 50 offices and several teaching institutes around the world. FAO has five core programs: education, natural sciences, humanities and social sciences, culture, communications and information. UNESCO supports many projects such as literacy, technical training, teacher training and training programs, world science programs, cultural and historical projects, global cooperation agreements to preserve world civilization, natural heritage and the protection of human rights. The organization has been highly controversial over time. During the 1970s and 1980s, Western countries, especially the United States and Britain, believed that the organization was exploited by communists and Third World countries to attack the West, which led the organization to develop a plan called the New World Order to stop the alleged lies and misinformation spread about the development of the world. The West rejected this plan on the grounds that it was an attempt by Third World countries and communist countries to destroy media freedom. America withdrew from the organization in 1984 and was followed by Britain in 1985. UNESCO also accused some of the bureaucracy. One of UNESCO's tasks is to announce the list of World Cultural Heritage sites. These sites are historical or natural sites and their protection and proper preservation is a requirement of the international community and it is not the duty of the Organization to protect these places. Every year the organization tries to promote freedom of expression and freedom of the media as fundamental human rights principles through World Freedom of Information Day on May 3 of each year. This event is held to celebrate and focus on the importance of media freedom as a fundamental principle of any free, democratic and democratic society. The organization returned to Britain in 1997 and the United States in 2003. The United States withdrew in October 2017 from UNESCO again accusing the organization of enmity and bias against Israel.