Muhammad Anwar Muhammad al-Sadat (December 25, 1918 AD - October 6, 1981 AD) is the third president of the Arab Republic of Egypt, who ruled Egypt in the period between (September 28, 1970 (acting) October 17, 1970 (actually) to October 6, 1981).
Anwar Sadat was born in the village of Mit Abu al-Kom in the Menoufia Governorate in 1918 and graduated from the Military Academy in 1938. He joined the Free Officers Movement that staged the revolution against the rule of the country’s then king, Farouk I, in 1952, and has held several major positions in the state since then, such as the position of minister State in September 1954, and Speaker of the National Assembly from 7/21/1960 to 9/27/1961, and Speaker of the National Assembly for the second term from 3/29/1964 to 11/12/1968, as Gamal Abdel Nasser chose him as his deputy on December 19, 1969 Until his death on September 28, 1970.
Sadat was famous for his audacity, sophistication, and political shrewdness, which was evident in his elimination of his political opponents in what was known as the Correction Revolution. Sadat worked to prepare for the recovery of the Sinai Peninsula from Israeli control following the 1967 war, when the Egyptian army, during his reign, was able to defeat the Israeli army in the October War and cross the Suez Canal, and he was able to achieve control of the Sinai after long rounds of negotiations.
In 1978, Sadat won the Nobel Peace Prize jointly with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, following the signing of the peace treaty in the Camp David Accords, which caused opposition reactions within Egypt and the Arab countries, and many Islamists were imprisoned in what was called reservation procedures in September 1981 as He regretted removing the prisoners of Islamic groups from detention centers, which led to his assassination on October 6, 1981, during a military parade celebrating the victories of the October War, at the hands of the military wing of the Islamic Group in Egypt.
In 2012, President Mohamed Morsi was awarded the Nile Necklace and the Medal of Honor for his name in appreciation of his role in the October War. In 2018, the US Congress decided to award Sadat the Congressional Gold Medal for his centenary of birth, in recognition of his achievements and contributions to peace in the Middle East, and this decision was approved by US President Donald Trump.