Saddam Hussein al-Majid al-Tikriti, who belongs to the Bijat tribe(28 April 1937 - 30 December 2006) fourth President of the Republic of Iraq , the Qatari Secretary of the Baath Arab Socialist Party and the Supreme Commander of the Iraqi Armed Forces between In 1979 and until April 9, 2003  , and Vice President of the Republic of Iraq member of the regional command and head of the National Security Office of the Baath Arab Socialist Party between 1975 and 1979 .

During the coup d'état of the Iraqi Ba'ath Party - the July 17, 1968 revolution - which called for the adoption of Arab nationalist ideas and economic, socialist and secular urbanization, Saddam also played a major role in the Baath Party coup in 1968, which placed him in the pyramid of the Baath state as Vice President of the Baath Party, Major General Ahmed Hassan. Saddam took the lead in the feuding government sectors and armed forces at a time when many organizations were deemed capable of overthrowing the government . The Iraqi economy grew rapidly in the 1970s as a result of a systematic development policy for Iraq in addition to the resources generated by the boom in oil prices at the time.  Saddam came to power in the country of the Baath Party, where he became president of Iraq and the Qatari secretary of the Baath Arab Socialist Party in 1979 after campaigning to liquidate his opponents and opponents within the Baath Party for allegedly betraying the party.  In 1980, Saddam entered an eight-year war with Iran from September 22, 1980 until the war ended with an Iraqi-Iranian political understanding on August 8, 1988. After its completion, Iran donated 120 Russian-made warplanes.  Before the second anniversary of the end of the war with Iran , Saddam invaded Kuwait and became a threat to the security of the Arabian Gulf on August 2, 1990.  led to the 1991 Gulf War . 

Iraq remained besieged internationally until 2003, where the US armed forces occupied the entire territory of the Republic of Iraq under the pretext of Iraq's possession of weapons of mass destruction and the presence of elements of al- Qaeda operating from within Iraq . He was arrested on 13 December 2003 in an operation called Red Dawn .  . He was subsequently tried for crimes for which he was charged and executed on 30 December 2006.