Cairo International Airport or Cairo International Airport (IATA: CAI, ICAO: HECA) is an international airport located about 22 km north-east of Cairo, the capital of Egypt, with an area of ​​about 40 million square meters.  Egypt and Africa, the airport is the second largest airport in the continent in terms of congestion and density of passengers, the airport served in 2008 about 14,360,175 passengers and more than 138,000 flights. The airport employs more than 60 airlines from around the world, 10 air cargo companies and charter flights. The airport operates the Cairo International Airport (CAC) as well as the German company Farport, which won an airport management contract for eight years. The African Airlines Association selected Cairo airport as Africa's best airport for 2006 through a survey by the Union on the development of African airports in terms of performance, infrastructure and modernization Continuous. Cairo International Airport is becoming increasingly important, especially after EgyptAir joins Star Alliance and transforms Cairo Airport into a hub connecting Africa, the Middle East and Europe,  to assemble transit passengers and take them to all airports in the world. The airport has three passenger buildings: Building No. 1, Building No. 2, Building No. 3, Headquarters and Operations Center of EgyptAir Holding Company and its subsidiaries, the headquarters of the Egyptian Ministry of Civil Aviation and the headquarters of the Egyptian Holding Company for Airports and Air Navigation and its subsidiaries , The airport also includes the headquarters of the 4th Squadron of the Egyptian Air Force,  which uses the C-130 Hercules H-type aircraft. And the headquarters of Squadron 16, which uses the C-130, H-type, VC and EC-130H, and a squadron that uses the Antonov-74 model aircraft (An-74TK-200A). The airport has four runways for landing and landing.  The first runway, 05L / 23R, is 3,300 meters long and 60 meters wide. It is located in the north direction of the airport. The second runway is 05C / 23C, which is 4000 meters long and 60 meters wide. The airport's third runway, 05R / 23L, is 4,000 meters long and 65 meters wide. The runway is capable of accommodating the giant Airbus A380 aircraft. The runway is located in the southern direction of the airport next to the 05C / 23C runway.