France ( French : La France ), officially the French Republic ( French : la République française ), is a constitutional republic with a central and parliamentary system with a presidential bent. It has a population of about 66 million. It is located in Western Europe and has several regions and territories Its capital is Paris . Its official language is French and its currency is the euro . Its emblem is " freedom of equal brotherhood ". Its flag consists of three vertical colors in order ofblue , white and red, whose national anthem is Lamarquez .
France is an old, medieval country , one of the most important regions of Europe. Since the Middle Ages , France reached the height of its power during the 19th and early 20th centuries, having the second largest colonial empire in 1950 after the Great British Empire .
France is one of the founding members of the European Union and one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council . It is also a member of several international institutions, including la Francophonie , G-8, G-20 , NATO , OECD , WTO , , The largest country in Western Europe and the European Union in terms of space and third largest country in Europe in general after Russia and Ukraine ,
France has played a prominent role in the history of the world through the influence of its culture, the spread of French , its democratic, secular and republican values on all five continents . France is a world center of culture, fashion and lifestyle . It has the fourth largest UNESCO World Heritage Site , Its visitors are an average of 83 million foreign tourists a year, more than any country in the world.
France is one of the most important economic, military and political powers in Europe in particular and around the world in general.It is the sixth largest country in terms of military spending in the world,and the third largest stockpile of nuclear weapons, United States . It is also the second largest economy in Europe. and fifth in terms of world GDP .In terms of total household wealth, France is the richest country in Europe and fourth in the world. The French citizen enjoys a high standard of living. The country has a good performance in the world rankings of education and health care , civil liberties and the human development index .