Germany ( German : Deutschland Deutschland ( Germany ) is officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( Bundesrepublik Deutschland) Bundesprüblick Deutschland ). is a democraticfederal republic , located in the center of Western Europe . It consists of 16 states covering an area of 357,021 square kilometers (137,847 miles 2 ) and is characterized by its mild seasonal climate. Germany is the most populous European country with more than 82 million people and is one of the strongest and most influential EU countries.
Berlin is the largest city, the capital and the seat of power, and is also the largest city in the European Union . The political system is federal and takes the form of a democratic parliamentary republic. Germany is divided into sixteen 16 federal regions, each with its own sovereignty and local government.
Germany is located in the center of Europe, bordered to the north by the North Sea , Denmark and the Baltic Sea , and to the south by Austria , Switzerland and from the east by Poland , Czech Republic and the West by France , Luxembourg , Belgium and the Netherlands .
Germany has a population of 357,021 square kilometers and has a population of 82,800,000. It is the most densely populated country in the European Union and also the third largest country in terms of the number of immigrants to it .
Germany was a central part of the Holy Roman Empire that lasted until 1806, and during the 16th century North Germany became the center of Protestant reform . After World War II , Germany was divided into two parts: East Germany and West Germany . They were reunited in 1990. In 1957, West Germany became a founding member of the European Common Market, which became the European Union in 1993. In 1999, the currency of Germany became the Euro ( Euro Euro ) and became one of the European countries of the Schengen Agreement to allow the inhabitants of the European countries belonging to the Convention to move from and to it without visa and without borders.
Germany has established the social insurance system as a step in a series of measures to develop the living standards of its population and has a privileged position in European relations and maintains strong partnerships at the global level. Germany is the leading pioneer in the sciences of medicine, engineering, technology and modern technology, a member of the United Nations, NATO, The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is a major economic powerhouse, as it is the world's largest exporter of goods and second largest importer