Luxor Temple is a large Ancient Egyptian temple complex located on the east bank of the Nile River in the city today known as Luxor (ancient Thebes) and was constructed approximately 1400 BCE  In the Egyptian language it is known as ipet resyt, "the southern sanctuary"  In Luxor To the rear of the temple are chapels built by Amenhotep III of the 18th Dynasty and Alexander Other parts of the temple were built by Tutankhamun and Ramesses II During the Roman era the temple and its surroundings were a legionary fortress and the home of the Roman government in the area