Comoros (officially: Comoros ) is an Arab country in the Indian Ocean, close to the east coast of Africa, on the northern end of the Mozambique Canal between northern Madagascar and northeastern Mozambique . The closest countries to the Comoros are Mozambique , Tanzania , Madagascar and Seychelles .

Comoros has an area of ​​1.862 square kilometers (863 square miles) is therefore the third smallest African country in terms of area, with an estimated population of 798,000 people and thus the sixth smallest African country in terms of population, although it is the highest African countries are most populous and are the southernmost country in the Arab League . The name Comoros is derived from the Arabic word " moon ". 

The country is officially made up of four islands in the volcanic archipelago of the Comoros : the Mwali , Anzwani and Mahoreh Island in addition to several smaller islands.  Nevertheless, the Comorian Union government (or its ancestors since independence) has never ruled the island of Mayotte, which France considers a French colony overseas and still governs it. This is because Mayotte was the only island in the archipelago that voted against independence from France. France used its veto and objected to UN Security Council resolutions affirming the sovereignty of the Comoros. [ The referee never returned to the Comoros, and the referendum on March 29, 2009, on whether the island would become part of the French homeland in 2011 was met with an overwhelming celebration.

The archipelago is characterized by cultural and historical diversity, where the nation consisted of a junction of many civilizations. Although French is the only official language on the contested island of Mayotte , the Lunar Federation has three official languages: lunar (Arabic) and Arabic and French.

The Comorian Union is the only country to be a member of the African Union , the International Organization of la Francophonie , the Organization of the Islamic Conference, the League of Arab States , the Indian Ocean Commission as well as many international organizations. However, the Comoros has a turbulent history of numerous coups since independence in 1975 .